Wuhan Journal of Cultic Studies
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Volume 1: Issue 2, 2021
Naming New Religions
James R. Lewis
There is ongoing contention in the naming of new religions, especially between governmental bodies and scholars in New Religious Movements (NRMs). One such contention is in China, with the common use of the term Xie Jiao and the appropriate English translation. Here we look at the historical context of the mistrust of emergent religions in China, discuss the reasons for the disagreement in the suggested ‘evil cults’ term, and propose a new term without theological connotations while also delineating a benign emergent religion from a harmful one.
Anti-cult movement, Cultic Studies, emergent religions, xie jiao, New Age Movement, NRM, shin shukyo